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XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention however XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages And Java is a very good language for creating those programs There has been a close relationship between Java and XML since the earliest mention of XML John Bosak of Sun Microsystems Chair of the XML Working Group has said that XML gives Java something to do Web Techniques pg 43 Since there has been a decision to provide a standard Java API for manipulating XML WT Pg 43 the use of Java to manipulate XML documents is likely to continue and increase over time What is XML XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language It looks a lot like HTML In fact both HTML and XML are commonly viewed as a subset of SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language SGML is very complicated a fact that has lead to its failure to gain widespread usage HTML its greatly simplified descendant has been a resounding success but it is beginning to demonstrate some significant limitations XML is in between these markup languages in terms of complexity It is more complex than HTML but still significantly less complex than SGML Dynamic Web Publishing Unleashed - Pg 744-745 It is essentially an attempt to define a common ground between HTML and SGML Like SGML XML is a metalanguage for defining markup languages XML allows you to define your own markup language consisting of new tags which you can use to encode the information in your web documents far more
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