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Word Count: 966
In May 1940 after the fall of France Hitler firmly believed that Britain cut off from mainland Europe after the retreat from Dunkirk would be ready to sue for peace if given enough time and incentive He deduced that with Britain out of the war America would come to terms with the new order as it could hope to gain no foothold in Europe without paying a terrible price This would enable Germany to concentrate on what had always been considered the main threat Russia By 1939 air warfare was still a comparatively new concept and had only been in existence for 25 years Much of the philosophy strategy and tactics had been developed during WWI Perhaps the greatest influence had been by General Giulio Douhet where the concept that the bomber will always get through was first adopted It was firmly believed that bombing attacks alone would win future wars This was to have a profound effect on the development of air forces all over the world with strong support for these theories from Trenchard Gring and Mitchell The result together with a much greater emphasis on training was a greater concentration on a bombing force than on fighter aircraft development Before the outbreak of WWII the theory gained credence for British German Italian and Japanese exponents but always with an unopposed bomber force attacking undefended targets It was thought that there could be no effective defence against this It seems incredible but little consideration had been given to the need for fighter escorts night bombing or bombing through cloud for which additional communications navigational and sighting equipment would be neededA further consideration was that the slaughter of WWI had led to years of minimal defence spending throughout Europe Germany being the major exception This left most countries unprepared for the aggressive stance adopted by Germany under Hitler Appeasement was the only realistic policy until such time as the deficit could be made upFormed
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