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Using the readings as reference discuss the developmental issues that would influence how you as a counselor would work with adolescents in the following categories Early Adolescence 12-14 years old approx Middle Adolescence 14 - 15 Late Adolescence 16 - 19 How would you design your treatment given where an adolescent is developmentally Early Adolescence 12-14 years old approx Adolescents biologically experience the onset of puberty and the development of secondary sexual characteristics cognitive changes that include the capacity to think abstractly reason logically and to develop metacognitive which leads to introspection Socially early adolescents increase peer prominence with some residual parental reliance often seeking out older peers as models for behavior and values begin to determine personal interests and skills shift from childlike ways of interacting toward adult behaviors and with success increase their self-esteem and confidence Treatment Design Early adolescents should spend more time in individual counseling than in group counseling sessions Programs for reinforcement should include parental involvement but the adolescent should have the bulk of responsibility Positive peer experiences should be a part of the program including peer counseling and peer feedback programs when appropriate Social skills training with adolescents having difficulty forming peer association is recommended and as peer involvement increases social problem solving skills training should be provided in group settings Middle Adolescence 14 to 16 approx The age of 14 to 16 brings an enormous change in physical and psychological development Throughout adolescence girls remain about two years ahead of boys in their level of maturity Some adolescents bloom early and some bloom late each having a different psychological challenge Early bloomers may be expected to perform with individuals of their size where late bloomers suffer from the problems of self-esteem that result from looking more immature than their peers Adolescents of this age group experience a great deal of conflict and they often blame the outside world for their discomfort
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