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What is the difference between the general perspectives How does the work of Ritzer attempt to overcome this problem Micro theories examine the processes of face-to-face contact among individuals and personal points-of-view in society whereas the macro theories deal with large-scale social events of society - meaning things that have public concern The theories that are apart of the micro-level are symbolic interactionism dramaturgy ethnomethodology and exchange theory Symbolic interaction is an individual-based theory that uses constructed symbols such as language and gestures to which people give meaning in their everyday interactions Dramaturgy best stated by Goffman 1959 is what actors portray on a the theatrical stage is similar to the way people act in society Ethnomethodology is basic common-sense used in for general situations in everyday life Ritzer 77 Exchange theory is a given relationship is found to be attractive whereas the rewards tend to outweigh punishment Blau 1964 Structural functionalism and conflict theory are two types of macro-theories Structural functionalism Perrucci 1983 has three main ideas 1 society is a system containing interdependent and interacting parts bound together in time and space 2 shared values among members of the system are social glue that helps hold it together 3 and systems have a need for stability and therefor attempt the parts working together harmoniously Conflict theory is the belief that society contains basic inequalities in wealth power and prestige Coser 1967 Dahrendorf 1959 Ritzer like many other sociologists wants to disintegrate the split between the micro and macro sociology Ritzer attempts to do this by adding on to Gurvitchs insights Ritzer views the micro-macro issue not by subjective-objective continuum but the phenomena as subjective or objective therefore concluding that there are four major levels of analysis See Table I that are a product of dialectical interrelationships Ritzer 1996 Table I - Ritzers Major Levels of Social Analysis MACROSCOPIC
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