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Word Count: 864
Shakespeares works from the 16th century are great stories regarded as still having relevance to modern society One of the ways this is possible is through the dramatic techniques used This is evident from one of his greatest works Macbeth In Shakespeares Macbeth ambition conspires with unholy forces to commit evil deeds which in their turn generate fear guilt and still more horrible crimes Above all Macbeth is a character study in which two protagonists respond individually and jointly to the psychological burden of their sins In the course of the play Macbeth repeatedly misinterprets the guilt that he suffers as being simply a matter of fear His characteristic way of dealing with his guilt is to face it directly by committing still more misdeeds and this of course only generates further madness Irony is constantly used in the play There are two main types of irony that are used in the play dramatic irony and situational irony Dramatic irony is used frequently in Macbeth A major example is where Lennox asks Macbeth whether the king is to leave Macbeths castle for home Act 2 Scene 3 Lennox Goes the king hence today Macbeth He does he did appoint so Obviously Macbeth is lying through his teeth for the audience was fully aware that he planned to murder King Duncan that night But if one takes Macbeths reply literally Duncan did plan to leave the castle the next day there is no lie to be found in that Another example that demonstrates Shakespeares use of dramatic irony is the Porter scene in Act 2 Scene 3 If a man were porter of hell-gate he should have old turning the key After the kings murder is discovered it is almost comedic the way Lady Macbeth responds to the announcement of King Duncans murder First she enters in mock confusion questioning Lady Macbeth Whats the business That such a hideous trumpet
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