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Alcoholism can affect anyone It has enormous costs as it pertains to societies families and individuals It is not prejudicial towards any race color sex religion or economic level Researchers are continually seeking answers to the long-standing nature versus nurture debate Different views are split between a biological basis and a psychological basis Some scientists debate that genetics are more to blame for alcoholism while others debate that environmental factors are What do experts think about the relative influence of genetics vs environmental in the development of alcoholism A few key terms must be defined before addressing the views of the experts Nature is innate behavior that has been evolved over many generations under the influence of natural selection The behavior is adapted to the way of life and is shown by all members of the human species Nurture is behavior that is learned by the individual throughout his or her life from the surrounding environment There is often great variation amongst people as it depends on the environment and experiences of the individual In previous decades the two opposing views were that behavior was determined by either nature or nurture Nowadays the essence of the debate is what is the ratio of genetic to environmental influences in understanding the source and expression of various biological and behavioral characteristics The relevance of this debate to psychology in the study of alcohol addiction is that many researchers feel that alcoholism is hereditary and that if parents are alcoholic their children may be more likely to develop into alcoholics than others However others feel that genetics may play a part in the development of alcoholism yet the environment plays a larger part in helping to shape the individuals alcoholic behavior It is now a more commonly held belief that neither nature nor nurture is solely responsible for the development of alcoholism Alcoholism is considered a disease which runs in families and results from genetics Bierut et
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