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To uphold the law through the investigation of violations of federalcriminal law to protect the US from foreign intelligence and terroristactivities to provide leadership and law enforcement assistance tofederal state local and international agencies and to perform theseresponsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the publicand is faithful to the constitution of the US this is the mission of theThe agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded in1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force of Special Agentsto be the investigative force of the Department of Justice DOJ Beforethat time the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the US Secret Service toinvestigate violations of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction In1909 the Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation andafter a series of name changes it received its present official name inDuring the early period of the FBIs history its agents investigatedviolations of mainly bankruptcy frauds antitrust crime and neutralityviolation During World War One the Bureau was given the responsibility ofinvestigating espionage sabotage sedition resistance against lawfulauthority and draft violations The passage of the National Motor VehicleTheft Act in 1919 further broadened the Bureaus jurisdictionAfter the passage of Prohibition in 1920 the gangster era began bringingabout a whole new type of crime Criminals engaged in kidnapping and bankrobbery which were not federal crimes at that time This changed in 1932with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute In 1934 many otherfederal criminal statutes were passed and Congress gave Special Agents theauthority to make arrests and to carry firearmsThe FBIs size and jurisdiction during the second World War increasedgreatly and included intelligence matters in South America With the end ofthat war and the arrival of the Atomic Age the FBI began conductingbackground security investigations for the White House and other governmentagencies as well as probes into internal security matters for theIn the 1960s civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of theFBI and counterterrorism
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