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Introduction Whooping cough which is also known as Pertussis is caused by infection by the Bordetella Pertussis bacteria It is a highly contagious bacterial disease that affects the respiratory system and produces spasms of coughing that usually end in a high-pitched whooping sound In this report I will describe how Pertussis is spread contracted what treatments are available for it and the prognosis for the patient I will also tell you about the many symptoms of the disease Etiology Pertussis is caused by Bordetella Pertussis the bacteria invades the nose and throat and then the trachea followed by the bronchial tubes of the lungs People usually contract the bacteria through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes Then people inhale or come in contact with the infected saliva People who have been immunized in the past may still develop infection but it is usually atypical or very mild that is another cause of whooping cough The incubation period is usually about 7 days Morphology Diagnosis Pertussis is a round shaped gram positive bacteria Some of the symptoms of Pertussis include runny nose coughing that may be dry or may produce sputum Along with a fever usually 102F or lower Severe coughing attacks that ends in a high-pitched crowing sound when inhaling or it will end in a high-pitched whoop The coughing spells may end in a momentary loss of consciousness and or vomiting It also results in difficulty at breathing It also can cause some people to have diarrhea When some small infants have long spells of coughing they usually begin to cry which causes them to choke on there own tears Pertussis can be treated by DtaP which is a vaccine that protects children against the disease During epidemics health care providers or others at risk may be advised to receive a booster dose of the vaccine The immunization is not 100 percent effective and has slowly becomes less effective
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