scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,042
The Old and Middle English evolved with their influences from the languages of the ruling powers Manuscripts provide evidence of the changes in orthography and hints at the changing pronunciation as the seat of power passed from the Germanic Anglo-Saxon to the French Norman As a result there was a constantly changing relationship from the phonemically characterised spelling of the Old English to one whose spelling may not reflect the pronunciation in the Middle English The Old English AD 450-1100 The ruling force that helped shape the Old English language was the Anglo-Saxons AD 450-850 They hailed from some warrior tribes of Northern Germany such as Jutes Angles and Saxons Graddol 1996 p 41 44-45 Their different linguistic background leads to a variation in dialects for the different parts of the country Graddol 1996 p 44-45 134 In an effort to promote a standardized English King Alfred AD 849-899 commissioned the translation of some Latin texts into the dialect of West Saxon the leading political and cultural centre That made West Saxon the dominant dialect Graddol 1996 p 107 Another force that invaded England was the Scandinavians Vikings Their linguistic influence was on a smaller scale and fell mainly in the northern part of England Graddol 1996 p 72 Although the dialects varied the manuscripts showed little variation in the spelling of different words The scribes had agreed on a certain convention for writing They agreed to base Old English on the Roman alphabet They modified the Roman set to accommodate the English sound system such as thorn for th sound and D eth for the heavier and thicker th sound Graddol 2002 p 141 Besides the scribes produced books from a relatively small area with little dialect variation and effective institutional control Graddol 1996 p 72 One example of an English poem of the era was the story of Caedmon from Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People Graddol 1996 p
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA