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The first move stopping immigration decided by Congress was a law in 1862 restricting American vessels to transport Chineseimmigrants to the US The Alien Contract Labor Laws of 1885 1887 1888 and 1891 restricted the immigration to the US of people entering the country to work under contracts made before their arrival Alien skilled laborers under these laws were allowed to enter the US to work in new industries By this time anti-immigrant felling rose with the flood of immigrants and in this period the anti-Catholic anti-foreign political party the Know-Nothings was After World War I a marked increase in racism and the growth of isolationist sentiment in the US led to demands for further tight legislation In 1921 a congressional act provided for a quota system for immigrants which the number of aliens of any nationality admitted to the US in a year could not exceed 3 percent of the number of foreign-born residents of that nationality living in the US in 1910 This law applied to nations of Europe the Middle East Africa Australia New Zealand Asian Russia and certain islands in the Atlantic and Pacific In the 1980s concern about the surge of illegal aliens into the US has led Congress to pass legislation aimed at cutting illegal immigration The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 allows most illegal aliens who have resided in the US regularly since January 1 1982 to apply for legal status Also the law prohibits employers from hiring illegal aliens and mandates penalties Debate over immigration and immigration policy is not new to the nations history From time to time Congress jarred legislation to control the flow of immigration As immigration rises and hatred grows more laws will be implemented trying to release some of the pressure Illegal immigration has some pros and cons I will discuss the pros first and explain them briefly in order for you
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