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Word Count: 2,571
In Ciceros First Philippic against Marcus Antonius he is offering his view on the political situation after the death of Caesar His purpose for coming before the Senate is to drive them to the realization that Marcus Antonius and his actions are slowly breaking down the unity of the country He praises Marcus Antonius for his fine speech intentions and promises then points out the fallacies and unconstitutionality of Marcus Antonius actions He reminds the Senators that Nothing was done any longer through the Senate because measures were being passed without declaration or consent The Senate and Caesars advisors are Ciceros audience even though the end of the speech is directed towards Marcus Antonius and Dolabella who are not present Cicero describes his motives of leaving and coming back Romes problems the need for Caesars laws and the contingency of some of Marcus Antonius laws making the reader think that he is trying to sway the Senate into rebelling against Marcus Antonius yet at the same time he praises and congratulates the good deeds done by him Even at the end he addresses Marcus Antonius who is not even present acclaiming and chastising Why does he do this Cicero makes a valiant determined attempt to convince the Senate to join powers with him against Marcus Antonius yet at the same time does he have doubts or fears about speaking against Antonius otherwise why would he be so propitious in his approach Cicero starts the speech with a direct address towards the Senators This establishes who his audience is Throughout the speech his tone is one of persuasion His first goal in giving this speech is to persuade the Senators that his view and opinions are legitimate by proving his credibility He shows his concern for justice by stressing what he has done to serve the country and giving a testimony of devotion I made no journeysI did all that was within my power
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