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During the First World War several world leaders such as President of the United StatesUS Woodrow Wilson and South African Prime Minster Jan Smuts advocated the need for an international organization that preserved peace and settled disputes by arbitration When peace negotiations began in October 1918United States president Woodrow Wilson insisted that his Fourteen Points serve as a basis for the signing of the Armistice The Armistice included the formation of the League of Nations here after refereed to as the League And as the years went by the League grew to be a formidable organization Its goals and objectives were precise they were to attain and maintain world peace By 1935 the League had declined severely And In 1945 the League ended and the United Nations referred to as the UN took its place There were a lot of similarities between the two organizations however the differences were apparent as well Scholars have tried to ascertain why the League failed to achieve its goals What were declining factors Moreover is the UN a direct result of those factors with a few modifications to satisfy the demands of the world today The object of this paper to analyze Whether the UN is a direct extension of the League and if so why or why not and under what circumstance By 1919 the idea of international co-operation was not new There had been a few earlier attempts for example The International Red Cross in Geneva 1964 International Telegraph Union in 1865 The International Meteorological Organization in 1878 and the International Court The Hague in 1899 However these were all unsuccessful attempts So by April 1919 the constitution of the League was adopted in the Paris Peace Conference The Aims of the organization were to a to keep peace and b to improve living conditions of men and women worldwide The Leagues Council consisted of the great powers Britain France Italy and
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