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2000 years ago Plato one of the forefathers of Western civilization materialized thefoundational ideas on reflective thinking in the Allegory of the Cave which stemmed from theRepublic In his essay he symbolically shows the stages and value of reaching a higher levelof thinking Being able to reflectively think is so important it is still being discussed in ourmodern times In the essay How do we know Why do we Believe by Patricia King thestages of thinking are outlined in order to help educators better teach critical thinking Shedescribes how people process information and arrive at conclusions Her aspirations for theessay are to help people move from pre-reflective thinking to reflective Kings thinking stagesare symbolically represented in Platos essay This connection shows how after thousands ofyears reflective thinking is still needed in our societiesIn the Allegory of the Cave from the Republic Plato describes a situation about menchained to the walls of a cave The men are shown nothing but shadows from puppetsconsequently they believe it to be reality When they hear voices they have no doubt thosecome from the shadows too Plato then asks what would happen if one of the men wasreleased and shown real objects outside the cave Would he trust them as real or would hethink they were illusions too After his eyes grow accustomed to the light and he understoodthe seasons of the Earth would he want to return to the cave Plato then inquires if the manwere to venture back in the cave and tell his peers that the shadows were illusions would theyjust say the mans eyes were destroyed by whatever he saw outside the cave And evenpossibly try to kill him In Platos story he symbolizes the stages of thinking very well Theman released from the cave goes through developmental stages which are profiled in Kingsessay Throughout Platos and Kings essay both continually show the need for teachers or inKings essay can very well be used to explain
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