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Word Count: 1,589
1 Freud defines three stages of sexuality the oral the anal and the oedipal stage An infant in its oral stage learns that there is an external world through pleasure and pain Human nature is governed by the pleasure principle When the infant is being breast fed heshe feels pleasure and when pulled away from the breast the baby feels pain The pleasure principle is a way of seeking pleasure in order to avoid pain We cant be happy all the time because three things threaten us First of all our own bodies cant handle too much pleasure at once eventually our bodies get older and death is inevitable Second natural phenomenons get in our way and third our relationships with others We are emotionally dependent on others and when we take their words into consideration we become unhappy Since we cant be happy all the time we need to learn how to avoid painThere are five ways we can avoid pain We can become hedonistic and gain pleasure at all costs all the time This way of avoiding pain isnt really possible due to the fact that we wouldnt be able to accomplish anything else in our lives Second way of avoiding pain is by voluntary isolation A person can take himherself out of society and become a hermit They do not deal with people on an emotional or personal level The third way of avoiding pain is turning away from the world the libidinal energy is turned inward and used up by them when they create art and literature Forth is by working in groups and forming memberships Groups are formed for protection against brute force and have allowed us to conquer nature The fifth way is by influencing the organism The individual wants to kill off all instincts and does this either by using drugs and alcohol or using eastern techniques such as yogaFreud said that another basic way to avoid pain
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