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anonymousDr Mannly Sociology 2-29-00 Invisible Mechanisms The glass escalator is the term the author uses to define an invisible phenomenon she sees propelling men in womens fields of work Williams is certain that men are pushed ahead when in predominately female jobs and slightly skews her research data because of this slant Although she jumps to her conclusions at times overall Williams comes up with satisfactory findings based on thorough research techniques that men and women are not equally represented in certain professions because of discrimination A saving grace of Williams paper is that she states on the first page Although there are many possible reasons for the continuing preponderance of women in these fields nurses elementary teachers librarians and social workers the focus of this paper is discrimination Pg 295 She states that men are pressured to move out of traditionally female held positions to higher status and usually higher paying jobs simply because they are male She also says that men are given this positions on a much more frequent basis not based on merit but because they are male The problem with this opinion of the author is that the interviews she uses as support for it are far from definitive One of the first examples used is that of a male kindergarten teacher who received a city-wide teacher of the year award Williams says that obviously because he is being pushed towards administration this is the glass elevator at work Is it so strange that someone receiving a city-wide award for excellence in a field would receive encouragement to be in charge People are usually pushed ahead in fields because they are viewed as unusually competent and this would definitely appear to be an instance of this occurring I would like to know what Williams criteria are for advancing in fields outside gender if she considers being recognized by an entire city as extraordinary at a job to
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