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Extra Credit Paper Chapter 17 The great Russian composers of the early twentieth century for the most part experienced two portions to their lives They were born raised and trained in tsarist Russia but spent the majority of their composing and performing years outside the country due to the revolutionary changes Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov composer and musical theoristwas one of the greatest composers of the Russian nationalist school and a great master of orchestration He studied piano as a child In 1856 he was enrolled at the Naval Academy at Saint Petersburg but continued his musical studies In 1861 Rimsky-Korsakov became an associate of the Russian composer Mily Balakirev the dominant figure of a group of young nationally conscious Russian composers including Aleksandr Borodin Modest Mussorgsky and Csar Cui Together with Rimsky-Korsakov this group of composers became known as The Five After his retirement from active service in the navy in 1873 Rimsky-Korsakov was made inspector of naval bands He also completed Borodins unfinished opera Prince Igor in 1889 and reorchestrated Mussorgskys opera Boris Godunov in 1896 after the deaths of the composers Rimsky-Korsakov is remembered today more for his instrumentation than for the originality of his musical ideas His influence as an orchestrator was exercised directly on his pupils notably the Russian composers Igor Stravinsky and Aleksandr Glazunov and indirectly through his treatise The Foundations of Instrumentation published posthumously in 1913 Among Rimsky-Korsakovs works are the operas Snegurochka Snow Maiden and Le coq dOr The Golden Cockerel and the symphonic works Capriccio Espagnol Scheherazade and the Russian Easter Overture Mily Alekseyevich Balakirev member of The Five trained in his native city and at the University of Kazan At the age of 18 he went to Saint Petersburg where he became acquainted with the Russian composer Mikhail Glinka Balakirev formed with four other nationally conscious Russian composers a group known as The Five Under Balakirevs influence they broke away from musical forms using Russian folk
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