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Word Count: 1,445
Smoking is a bad habit which plagues the young as well as the old It is the largest source of preventable mortality in North America1 Not only does smoking lead to an early grave but it can also influence ones daily life Many studies have revealed links between smoking and reduced endurance capacity2 Nicotine the addictive agent found in cigarettes can also be used to control weight gain Both of these factors can have considerable effect on the sporting world There have been many studies done indicating that if you smoked you did less physical activity It has also been shown that the more you smoke the less activity you do In one experiment done on smokers and non-smokers the subjects were tested while running a marathon The experimenters took a large group of mainly non-smokers and army conscripts and measured their performance It was found that the distance covered in the race was inversely related to daily cigarette consumption3 That is the more you smoked the less distance you ran The longer the participant in the race had been smoking the worse heshe performed For example the average non-smoker could cover 2613 meters in 12 minutes while a smoker of less than 2 years who smoked 21 cigarettes a day could only cover 2284 meters A smoker of more than 4 years who smoked 21 cigarettes a day could only cover 2188 meters4 These results show how performance decreases the more a person smokes in their lifetime An experiment performed by Robert C Klesges et al found that although smokers did fewer sports and leisure time activities they did the same amount of anaerobic activities5 The study also found that smokers had the same energy intake as non-smokers indicating that eating habits were not a factor in the fitness levels Smokers average 30-35 kcal per day less of high intensity activity than non-smokers6 This reduced aerobic physical activity can be attributed to the fact
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