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Word Count: 446
As the founders of this country contemplated the form of government they wanted to create they looked to classical republics and natural rights philosophers as models for how they wanted their government to be Classical Republicanism is the theory that the best kind of society is one that promotes the common good rather than the interests of only one class of citizens Founders admired the classic Roman Republic for providing the Roman citizens with the most liberty under government that the world had ever known while at the same time demanding a high degree of civic virtue Roman citizens set aside their personal interests in order to promote and provide for the common good Citizens were given moral education from the time they were young in order to teach them how to be virtuous This philosophy of government was very successful the Roman Republic lasted for over 500 years spanning from 509 BC to 27 BC The only problem that founders had with classical republicanism is that it often drastically limited individual rights in order to promote participation in their government Citizens were expected to participate in their government to promote the common good Meanwhile the ideas of natural rights philosopher John Locke greatly influenced the founders in the writing of the Constitution of the United States of America John Lockes political philosophy is often referred to as the natural rights philosophy The natural rights philosophy is based on imagining that there is no government every human being has certain God-given rights that are protected by government and when government fails to protect these rights citizens have the right to alter or abolish it Locke believed that no government has the right to govern a citizen without his consent and by living in the country or area being governed a citizen gives his consent From a distance it seems that it would be impossible to incorporate John Lockes natural rights philosophy with the ideas of
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