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The Reformation first spread to the Netherlands and Scotland where it was used as a vehicle for self-determination The Reformation spread to France and a Protestant religion was formed the followers were called Huguenots Calvinism became dominant in Scotland In England Henry VIII wished to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon When the Pope refused to annul the marriage Henry divorced her and Henry VIII was excommunicated from the Church Henry created a Protestant religion which was run by the Anglican Church Healso urged Parliament to pass the Act of Supremacy making the Monarch head of the Anglican Church The Act of Supremacy was passed Thus one of the greatest revolutions of all time was the Reformation a conflict sundering Catholics and Protestants during the 16th and 17th century in consort new beliefs and faiths emerged from reformers Martin Luther along with the Counter-Reformation impacting the people Although most people during the Renaissance disagreed with medieval ways the rich Catholic Church still preserved many medieval ways People began to disagree with Church customs In the late 1300s an English priest and teacher at Oxford University named John Wycliffe declared that people should be able to read the Bible for themselves Although the Church protested Wycliffes followers translated the Bible into English and handed copies out all over the English countryside His ideas soon spread into Bohemia where a preacher named Jan Hus spread the ideas even more The ideas of Wycliffe and Hus influenced the most important reformer a monk named Martin Luther Luther had protested for years that many clergy were selling indulgences pardons for sins without making it clear that people must sincerely repent their sins He attacked the monk Johann Tetzel for deceiving the people Eventually he became angry enough nailing a complaint called The Ninety-Five Theses to a Church door The Ninety-Five Theses complained about the sale of indulgences corruptions and distortions of worship that kept people from a true understanding
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