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Impact on Interest Groups on Twentieth Century American GovernmentInterest Group is defined as an organized body of individuals who tryto influence public policy This system is designed so that interest groupswould be an instrument of public influence on politics to create changes butwould not threaten the government much Whether this is still the case or notis an important question that we must find out Interest groups play manydifferent roles in the American political system such as representationparticipation education and program monitoring Representation is thefunction that we see most often and the function we automatically think ofwhen we think of interest groups Participation is another role that interestgroups play in our government which is when they facilitate and encouragethe participation of their members in the political process Interest groupsalso educate by trying to inform both public officials and the public at largeabout matters of importance to them Lobby groups also keep track of howprograms are working in the field and try to persuade government to takeaction when problems become evident when they monitor programs Thetraditional interest groups have been organized around some form ofeconomic cause be it corporate interests associates or unions The numberof business oriented lobbies has grown since the 1960s and continues togrow Public-interest groups have also grown enormously since the 1960s Liberal groups started the trend but conservative groups are now just ascommon although some groups are better represented through interest groupsthan others are There are many ways that the groups can influence politicstoo The increase in interest group activity has fragmented the politicaldebate into little pockets of debates and have served to further erode thepower of political parties who try to make broad based appeals PACs alsogive money to incumbents which means that incumbents can accumulatelarge reelection campaign funds that in result discourages potentialchallengers As a result most incumbents win not because they outspendtheir challengers but because they keep good potential opponents out of therace Conservatives are one of the big groups
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