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Students need to be able to learn how to become effective problem solvers They should be able to identify problems evaluate those problems and then decipher a way to transfer their learning to those problems in a way that will bring about a solution If a student is able to perform in a problem solving situation a meaningful learning should then occur because he has constructed an interpretation of how things work using preexisting structured This is the theory behind ConstructivismBy creating a personal interpretation of external ideas and experiances constructivism allows students the ability to understand how ideas can relate to each other and preexisting knowledge A teacher must then recognize the importance of the cognative and social approaches for learning and teaching so that she may aid the students development in constructivist learning Both approaches are valuable because one will emphasize the role of cognative processes and the other will emphasize culture and social interaction in the role of meaningful learningOne however may wonder how to go about enforcing these approaches One method is through scaffolding providing a student with sufficient information to be able to complete a task on his own or to present a gradual decrease in the amount of help availible allowing the student the capacity to work independantly Situated learning will present the student with a set of learning tasks placed in realistic contexts This will include the abilities to use knowledge in a functioning learning approach and acquiring inert knowledge based on the learning of isolated facts in limited conditions Lastly students should through the use of multiple perspectives be able to view problems and ideasThese ideas presented will then be able to shed light on the nature of problem solving There are three most common types of problems the first being well-structured problems Well-structured problems are ones clearly stated with known solution procedures and evaluation standards an example being a mathamatical process Another type of problem are
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