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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Towering high above the landscape European castles still look commanding Imagine how powerful a castle looked 600 years ago when it was brand new A castle was built to impress It was the home of a powerful warlord From its safety he ruled the surrounding land Castles building began in the 10th Century The first castles that were built replaced wooden forts Castles evolved and became stronger as methods of warfare changed In the next few paragraphs I will be talking about how warriors surrounded and attacked a castle how the people in the castle prepared for war how they defended themselves and how they lived in peace A castle was usually built on top of a cliff so it would be harder for the opposition to reach it It was also surrounded by a moat which was a water filled ditch This ditch surrounded two sides of the castle that were not protected by a cliff The moat also provided food for the people living inside the castle The castle was built out of brick and had a very thick wall The thick walls were more than 8ft thick and the walls of castle towers were even thicker There were also towers built on top of the castles The towers enabled the defenders to see anyone approaching the castle and to fire at them with bows or siege engines The first point of attack was usually the main entrance A gate house protected the way into the castle Anybody who tried to get into the building was either caught by the guards or was killed by the traps that were set up in the castle In the castle there were several walls that enclosed the courtyards Each courtyard was called a bailey During the war men women and children sheltered here When there was no war these court yards were used for
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