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The Influence of Religion in Pre-Industrial North American Town Planning Religion has played a vital role in the settling of many pre-industrial North American towns and cities In fact religion proved to be one of the main reasons Europeans broke their affiliation with the dictatorial and the monarchial rule in Europe and came to settle the Americas Generally these particular religious settlers incorporated town-planning ideas developed in Europe and translated them into their particular beliefs However some specific and influential settlers broke away from the norm in a progressive attempt to invent new societies in a new land based on accumulated knowledge John Reps the pre-eminent American historian on town planning has this to say about those who strayed from the common ideals Almost from the beginning of settlement America attracted a variety of reformers utopians and pariah religious sects These dedicated groups shunned existing cities with their temptations and distractions preferring to create settlements in harmony with their religious economic or social convictions In this paper I will analyze and compare the influence of two different religions in the settling of their respective towns The first will be The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints also known as the Mormons and the second is the Church of the United Brethren also known as the Moravians THE MORMON MISSION The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is a Christian religion that came into existence during the early 19th-century American movement of religious revivalism called the Second Great Awakening Officially Joseph Smith who is recognized as a prophet in modern Mormon teachings founded the church in 1830 after he said that God had spoken to him In that same year he organized his first followers in New York From that point on as they marched westward he experimented in building towns that revolved around order unity and community These values were viewed as supreme
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