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International Declaration of Human Rights and Freedoms History After the war crimes committed by the Germans in the holocaust that occurred during World War II the United nations decided to create a document guaranteeing respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all people regardless of race sex language or religion This document was called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights The declaration was voted in on December 10 1948 which is now celebrated each year as Human Rights Day The Declaration says that all human beings are born free and equal and establishes basic rights for all people and rules for the actions of governments in many areas pertaining to those rights For example it says that all people have the right to liberty religious and political freedom education and economic well-being It bans torture and states that all people have the right to participate in their governments The declaration is not a law unfortunately and in some cases has had little actual effect on the member countries of the UN Governments with poor human rights records such as China do not agree with the UNs attempts to promote human rights saying that such actions interfere with their internal affairs The UN has a Commission on Human Rights Its job is to monitor abuses of the declaration in member countries hold international meetings on human rights issues and handle complaints about violations to the basic human rights It was in 1993 that the General Assembly created the position of High Commissioner for Human Rights The commissioner job is to oversee all of the UNs human rights programs work to prevent human rights violations and investigate human rights abuses It is also in the commissioners power to publicize abuses to human rights taking place in any country However most publicity about abuses to human rights does not come from the UN but from rival countries or non-governmental groups like Amnesty International
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