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Italian architecture in the middle agesIn the Fifteenth century the Italian historian Flavio Biondo regarded the sack of Rome bythe Visogoths as the end of ancient civilization He also believed that this marked the beginningof the Middle Ages Erickson 72 Within the thousand years of the Middle Ages historianshave recognized subperiods These subperiods include the Early Middle Ages 900 to 1000 theHigh Middle Ages 1000 to 1300 and the Later Middle Ages the 14th and 15th centuries Grolier 1 The purpose of this paper is to explain Middle Age Italian architecturethrough its history and specific examples Italian art history begins in Rome during the firstthrough the fourth centuries The birth of Christian religious architecture based on Romanprototypes was developed The transfer of the Roman imperial capital to Byzantium in the 4thcentury meant that Italy would become a Byzantine cultural province Hoyt 1718 20 Residentin Sicily were the Arabs who Paladino 2introduced styles of oriental magnificence such as Palarmos Palantine Chapel According to John White in Art and Architecture In Italy 1250-1400 impressive centralplans lavish materials sumptuous color mysterious lighting and stylized representationdescribe such works as Ravennas San Vitale and St Marks Basilica The Italian Romanesquewas concentrated in Lombardy Tuscany and Southern Italy The Lombard architecture wasknown for large vaulted churches made of elaborate exterior brick In Tuscany Pisanarchitecture superimposed tiers of marble cascades as in the Pisa Cathedral The Cefalu andMonerale Cathedrals in Sicily are representations of southern Italy architectures French architects employed by the Normans who had conquered Sicily from the Arabs
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