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Can one be moral by merely attempting to be moral Or must one adhere to strict moral laws at all times in order to be truly moral Two philosophies on this issue come from Immanuel Kants writings in Good Will Duty and the Categorical Imperative and Alasdair MacIntyres writings in Tradition and the Virtues The Kantian approach to morals is one of law He states The pre-eminent good which we call moral can therefore consist in nothing else then the conception of law in itself which certainly is not only possible in a rational being in so far as this conception and not the expected effect determines the will Kant 167 There are undeniable rules of morality that dictate our actions To be moral these laws must be followed always and not based on the consequences but on the soul fact of whether or not it can be applicable to all MacIntyres works on the other hand talk of duty and obligations based on history and roles It is from the histories and social obligations that a persons morality is shaped It is the mere attempt to be moral that brings someone to the greater good in life and it thus makes them a moral being Both philosophers are convincing in their arguments Kants idea of universal laws and MacIntyres idea of quest for the good are both appealing arguments 324 But even so Kants theory of universal laws also is not without flaws According to Kant moral worth is one of the most important characteristics that a person can possess It is not merely enough to be intelligent wise caring giving or anything else which traditionally defines someone as good instead one must do right out of principle Kant 165 Kant believes that it is not simply enough to do something that is moral if it is done for gratification - it must be done simply because it is the moral law and
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