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Word Count: 865
Abortion termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life When expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus becomes viable capable of life usually at the end of six months of pregnancy it is technically a premature birthThe practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of birth control Later it was restricted or forbidden by most world religions but it was not considered an offense in secular law until the 19th century During that century first English Parliament and then American state legislatures prohibited induced abortion to protect women from surgical procedures that were at the time unsafe commonly stipulation a threat to the womans life as the sole exception to the prohibition Occasionally the exception was enlarged to include danger to the mothers health as wellLegislative action in the 20th century has been aimed at permitting the termination of unwanted pregnancies for medical social or private reasons Abortions at the womans request were the first allowed by the Soviet Union in 1920 Followed by Japan and several East European nations after WW II In the late 1960s Liberalized abortion regulations became widespread The impetus for the change was threefold1 Infanticide and the high maternal death rate associated with illegal abortions 2 a rapidly expanding world population 3 the growing feminist movementUnder the criminal code RSC 970 CC-34 abortion constitutes a criminal offense section 1592C makes it an offense to offer or have for gale or disposal to publish or advertise means instructions or medicine intended or represented to cause abortion or miscarriage Section 2211 makes the act of causing death to a child who has not become a human being in the act of birth equivalent to murder Abortion constitutes an indictable offense Section 251 4 allows permission for a therapeutic abortion to be obtained from a competent committee fulfilling strict regulations with the operation performed by a qualified physician However the common law defense of necessity
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