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On December 17 1903 near Kitty Hawk North Carolina the brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright made the worlds first successful flights in a heavier-than-air craft under power and control The airplane had been designed constructed and flown by them each brother making two flights that day The longest by Wilbur extended to a distance of 260 m 852 ft in 59 sec The next year continuing the development of their design and improving their skill as pilots the brothers made 105 flights the longest lasting more than 5 min The following year their best flight was 389 km 242 mi in 38 min 3 sec All these flights were in open country the longest involving numerous turns usually returning to near the starting point Not until 1906 did anyone else fly in an airplane In that year short hops were made by a Hungarian Trajan Vuia living in Paris and by Jacob Christian Ellehammer in Denmark The first officially witnessed flight in Europe was made in France by Alberto Santos-Dumont of Brazil His longest flight on November 12 1906 covered a distance of about 220 m 722 ft in 225 sec The airplane the 14- bis was of his own design made by the Voisin firm in Paris and powered with a Levavasseur 40-hp Antoinette engine The airplane resembled a large box kite with a smaller box at the front end of a long cloth-covered frame The engine and propeller were at the rear and the pilot stood in a basket just forward of the main rear wing Not until near the end of 1907 did anyone in Europe fly for 1 min Henri Farman did so in an airplane built by Voisin In great contrast were the flights of the Wright brothers Orville in the US demonstrated a Flyer for the Army Signal Corps at Fort Myer Virginia beginning September 3 1908 On September 9 he completed the worlds first flight of more than
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