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Anatomy - is the study of the structure of the body parts theirPhysiology - concerns with the function of the bodys structuralGross Anatomy - is the study of the large body structures visible to thenaked eye It can be approached in different waysRegional Anatomy - is the study of all the structures in one particularSystematic Anatomy - is when anatomy is studied system by systemSurface Anatomy - is the study of the internal structures as they relateMicroscopic Anatomy - is the study of structures too small to be seenThey are usually divided into operations of specific organ systemsThe Principle of Complementarity of structure Function - Anatomy Physiology are taught together because the functions always reflect theChemical level - this includes atoms moleculesCellular level - is the smallest unit of living thingsTissue level - are groups of similar cells that have a common functionOrgan level - an organ is at least two tissues that perform a specificOrgan System level - organs that work together to accomplish aHomework pgs 4-5 February 51999Summary of the Bodys Organ SystemsIntegumentary System - forms of the external body covering protectsdeeper body tissue from injury synthesizes vitamin D site ofcutaneous pain pressure ect receptors sweat oil glandsSkeletal System - protects supports body organs provides theframework the muscles use to cause movement blood cells are formedMuscular System - allows manipulation of the environmentlocomotion facial expression maintains posture produces heat Nervous System - fast-acting control system of the body responds tointernal external changes of the body by activating appropriateEndocrine System - glands secrete hormones that regulate processessuch as growth reproduction nutrient use metabolism by bodyCardiovascular System - Blood vessels transport blood which carriesoxygen carbon dioxide nutrients ect the heart pumps bloodLymphatic SystemImmunity - Picks up fluids leaked from bloodvessels returns it to the blood disposes of debris in the lymphaticstream houses white blood cells lymphocytes involved in immunityThe immune response mounts the attack against
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