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Word Count: 575
The main reason for the fall of the Roman Republic as I see it was the loss of land by veterans who were trained in violence and confrontation This alongside the Roman history of violence starting with the story of Romulus and Remus and the unrestrained and unmanageable rate of growth in power population land area and wealth led to a situation where life in the Republic was ingrained with anger fear instilled by those in authority and a general sense of chaos Land to the Romans was the source of not only life but also pride and happiness The ideal citizen at the time was represented in Cincinatus who worked the land gave limited service to the government and returned to the land This concept is most obviously evidenced by Cato the elder who wrote It is from the tillers of the soil that spring the best citizensAtchity p20 At that time due to wars being fought abroad many landowners lost their land or were unable to keep it in a working state Sallust describes this as the common people permanently driven from their lands the citizens cruelly plundered Atchity p 96 This situation created a sense of loss and an environment of great anger which eventually led to violence by soldiers and veterans whose experience was already that of war and violence The frame of mind of the populous was evident in the story of the Gaius brothers land reform advocates who were very popular among the working class and incited ideas of change in government policy Their story was the first real story of violence within the republic This violence was the root of fear that was preyed upon by those in authority In his writings Sallust refers to fear at this time at least 14 times in fewer than six pages He also refers to blood and human sacrifice uses words such as crime and outrage The Gaius
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