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Word Count: 790
Many of the philosophers that existed during The Enlightenment influenced many countries such as the United States of America France and England inboth past and present history One French philosopher in particular was Francoise Marie Arouet de Voltaire He once established the statement I do not agree with a word you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it I agree with Voltaires statement meaning that although you may not agree with someones beliefs you will tolerate them and my agreement can be exemplified in actions that occur today Looking back at the time period of which Voltaire wrote this statement it is easy to see why Voltaire and many other philosophers wrote such things France was suffering in many ways Things such as the format of parliament and philosophes a financial crisis and the assembly of the Estates-General led to the French Revolution in In Voltaires time period parliaments had much political power Manyparlements protested royal initiatives which believed in threatening the rights and libertiesof the people They denounced the absolute rule of the crown to impose religious orthodoxy and new taxes Encarta Encyclopedia 1999 Philosophers were very outspoken about parliaments powers They believed they had too much power and they were not protecting the natural rights of the people France at this time was broken into three estates The First Estate was madeup of nobles and clergy of the Roman Catholic Church The Second was made up of thebourgeois and the Third of the peasantsThe First two estates paid little or no taxes causing the peasants to pay very high taxes and making them very upset To the peasantsdisadvantage taxes were raised because of the financial crisis France was facing
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