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Median Voter Theorem A Unavoidable Reality Leaving No One Truly Satisfied On the spectrum of politics or any other ideologically-based matter personal opinions will inevitably vary from one extreme on the left to the opposite on the right In a governing system such as that of the United States where the population directly elects representatives to govern the position a candidate holds on the spectrum pertaining to certain issues in relation to other candidates becomes increasingly important Theoretically two people coming from different backgrounds and different political parties should provide contrasting opinions on major issues allowing an individual voter to clearly and easily see the difference between his options and choose which option would be best for himself and his country According to the Median Value Theorem however in most cases the candidates personal views and priorities cannot be considered if a victorious election is the ultimate goal leading to nearly identical candidates at the time of election Although this theory contains flaws both theoretically in the actual workings and ideologically in the results it is still valid and important to todays political strategies The median voter is the voter closest to the center on an issue If determined properly half of the population holds a position to the left of this determined median voter and half to the right According to the Median Voter Theorem the median voter in a majority-rule election will be decisive so long as voters have single-peaked preferences The theorem implicates that candidates who are successful in winning elections are those who are able to capture the vote of the median voter If two candidates campaign against each other they are each forced to take the political position of the median voter of the spectrum or risk losing the election regardless of their personal beliefs If one candidate were to establish an idea even one percentage to one side or the other of the median voter his opponent
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