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Mixed Constitution An Ideal Form of Government Aristotle taught that a community of any sort can possess order only if it has a ruling element or authority He taught that this ruling principle is defined by the constitution which sets criteria for political offices Since we see that every city-state is a sort of community and that every community is established for the sake of some good for everyone does everything for the sake of what they believe to be good it is clear that every community aims at some good and the community which has the most authority of all an includes all the others aims highest that is at the good with the most authority This is what is called the city-state or political community Aristotle I 1 1252a1-7 One of the goals of the founding fathers was to establish a government that would be absent of tyranny to do this they formed a government that had some of the elements and qualities of three different forms of government a monarchy an aristocracy and a democracy They desired a government that would meet the needs of the one the few and the many To do this they formed a mixed constitution the politician and lawgiver is wholly occupied with the city-state and the constitution is a certain way or organizing those that inhabit the city-state Aristotle A fear of tyranny was the motivating force that drove the founding fathers towards forming a mixed constitution A new government was formed that would represent the needs of the one the few and the many With the power to govern being divided among all three groups The accumulation of all powers legislative executive and judiciary in the same hands whether of one a few or many and whether hereditary self appointed or elective may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny James Madison The Federalist No 47 constitutions which aim at
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