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Word Count: 853
The new American edition of the novel A Clockwork Orange features a final chapter that was omitted from the original American edition against the authors preference Anthony Burgess the novels author provided for the new edition an introduction to explain not only the significance of the twenty-first chapter but also the purpose of the entire book which was the fundamental importance of moral choice Burgess states that the twenty-first chapter was intended to show the maturation or moral progress of the youthful protagonist Alex The omission of the twenty-first chapter resulted according to Burgess in the reduction of the novel from fiction to fable something untrue to life Human beings change and Burgess wanted his protagonist to mature rather than stay in adolescent aggression The twenty-first chapter shows this change and the chapter is important because it includes Alexs mature assessment of his own adolescence and shows the importance of maturity to moral freedom which is Burgesss main point Burgess has presented his definition of moral freedom in both his introduction and in his novel Burgesss definition of moral freedom as the ability to perform both good and evil is presented by implication in his discussion of the first kind of clockwork orange In his introduction he states that if one can only perform good or only perform evil then he is a clockwork orange - meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with color and juice but is in fact only a clockwork toy to be wound up by God or the Devil or since this is increasingly replacing both the Almighty State Burgess goes on to say It is as inhuman to be totally good as it is to be totally evil The important thing is moral choice Evil has to exist along with good in order that moral choice may operate This hypothetical type of clockwork orange nowhere appears in the novel because Alex is neither totally
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