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This essay will analyse the extent to which the values of normalisationsocial role valorisation apply in respect of care for people with dementiaThe essay will begin by briefly acknowledge Nirjes principles of normalisation and then outline the seven core themes of Wolfensbergers theory of normalisation These will incorporate some criticisms of wolfensbergers work by other writers The essay will move on to outline Tom Kitwood and colleagues contribution to the recognition of the person suffering with dementia to show how a person is made up of many complex interactions I will outline what Kitwood terms The Malignant Social Psychology surrounding the dementia process and the dangers of adopting a theory based solely on the medical model Finally I will give a brief outline of policies leading up to the NHS and Community Care Act 1990 and analyse to what extent present day policies and future initiatives reflect the principles of normalisation and personhood The concept of normalisation originated in Scandinavia during the 1960s and was further developed in North America Emerson 1992 In its Scandinavian beginnings normalisation had a significant impact upon the development of services and associated enabling legislation for people with learning difficulties Nirje 1969 For Nirje normalisation was first and foremost an issue of human rights based on the recognition of people with a mental handicap as our fellow human beings and citizens Robinson 1989 Nirje defined normalisation asMaking available to all mentally retarded people patterns of life and conditions of everyday living which are as close as possible to the regular circumstances and ways of life of society Nirje 198033In 1972 Wolfensberger proposed a more enhanced definition of normalisation which he defined asUtilization of means which are as culturally normative as possible in order to establish andor maintain personal behaviors and characteristics which are as culturally normative as possible Wolfensberger 197228 Wolfensberger subsequently replaced the term normalisation with the concept of Social Role Valorisation SRV which he is defined as The
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