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Word Count: 2,196
Animal Farm was written between November 1943 and February 1944 but was not published until August 1945 principally as a result of political objections that arose over the books attack on Stalin and the Soviet Union It was turned down by a number of publishers in England including TS Eliot at Faber and Faber and America One American publisher rejected it because he said Americans were not in the mood for animal stories Orwell fearing implicit censorship and convinced of the urgency of his message considered publishing it himself as a two-shilling pamphlet Finally Secker and Warburg agreed to publish it but it was still held for publication until the end of the war ostensibly because of lack of paper but more likely because it was still deemed imprudent to publish something attacking the Soviet Union when it was a valuable ally of the West When the novel was finally published the magnitude of its success surprised Orwell as much as anyone The first edition sold out the first month and by the spring of 1946 it was being translated into nine languages After the Book-of-the-Month Club in America chose it as a selection it sold more than a half-million copies relieving him from financial worries for the first time in his lifeThe specific political purpose that had aroused Orwells sense of urgency was his desire to explode the myth of the Soviet Union as the paradigm of the socialist state He also wanted to expose the dangers of totalitarianism which he saw reflected in the politics of expedience the devaluation of objective truth and the systematic manipulation of the common people through propaganda This fable about the animals who overthrow their human oppressors only to be oppressed once again by those animals who were once their comrades has been used to support various ideological points of view However while Orwell clearly indicts the betrayal of the revolution that occurs on Marsh Farm there is
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