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Stephen Cranes The Red Badge of Courage is a novel that reflects its time period and the style of its author to a great extent Also it was praised for its accuracy Ironically Crane lived after the civil war and never served in the military Stephen Cranes life is portrayed on the web site wwwunderthesuncc Crane Stephen 1871-1900 American novelist and poet one of the first American exponents of the naturalistic style of writing Crane is known for his pessimistic and often brutal portrayals of the human condition but his stark realism is relieved by poetic charm and a sympathetic understanding of character Born in Newark New Jersey Crane was educated at Lafayette College and Syracuse University In 1891 he began work in New York City as a freelance reporter in the slums From his work and his own penniless existence in the Bowery he drew material for his first novel Maggie a Girl of the Streets 1893 which he published at his own expense under the pseudonym Johnston Smith The work the story of a young prostitute who commits suicide won praise from the American writers Hamlin Garland and William Dean Howells but was not a popular success Cranes next novel The Red Badge of Courage 1895 gained international recognition as a penetrating and realistic psychological study of a young soldier in the American Civil War 1861-1865 Although Crane had never experienced military service the understanding of the ordeals of combat that he revealed in this work compelled various American and foreign newspapers to hire him as a correspondent during the Greco-Turkish War 1897 and the Spanish-American War 1898 Shipwrecked while accompanying an expedition from the United States to Cuba in 1896 Crane suffered privations that eventually brought on tuberculosis His experience was the basis for the title story of his collection The Open Boat and Other Stories 1898 Crane settled in England in 1897 his private life which included several
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