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The Religion of Jainism Jainism is an Indian religion This religion has its historical origins in the same region of northern India as Buddhism Jina or Victor who is the leader of the movement was a contemporary of the Buddha Smart 277 The teachings of Jainism were transmitted orally The Jain religion split into two sects one being the Digamabaras and the other being the Svetambaras The Digambaras sect is also known as the Sky Clad the monks in this sect practice nudity as a sign of complete rejection of possessions The other sect Svetambaras also known as the White Clad and they think that the transmission of oral teachings has become corrupt Jainism also developed a philosophical literature According to the Jain theory they believe that they need to hang on to the memories and practices of the past There philosophical doctrine is rich and subtle and there are two main aspects of this religion 277 The first is a strong emphasis on non-injury to all living creatures and the second would be the great vows that they undertake There are a few key ideas to Jainism The first one is the existence of many souls Second there is the reality of the world Next there is the operation of karma Finally there is a need to take responsibility for your actions and there is also a possibility of liberation 283 There is a short prayer that is used by lay persons to express their devotion to give up everything and enter the state of being a monk or a nun The prayer states Ceasing of illfare ceasing of karmic effects death in contemplative trance gaining enlightenment Let these be mine friend of the whole universe conqueror for I have come for refuge in your path 284 Jain temples are distinctive in two ways First the innermost shrine is an image of Tirthankara The temple is also marked with
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