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Racism past and present Stepping back in time equip us with some basic conceptual tools that can be employed to understand and deal with issues of racism rejudice and discrimination For example in our readings the Article Psychology and race discusses how Caucasian doctors believed that Caucasians had larger cranial capacity to house more cerebral matter and thus were thought of as more intellectual Not only has this been proven false in later years the data used in such studies was fraudulent We are all familiar with the cultural biases of intelligence tests that sought to prove intelligence was solely based on hereditary factors Mention of the significance of heredity arguments can be found in examples ranging from the Plato to biblical verses Much later during the 19th century Darwinian concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest become justifications for race betterment schemes ex sterilization of societal misfits insane etc and it was psychology that provided the standards and tests for determining who was a misfit and who wasnt For example the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test was one of the methods used for testing for the mental deficiency It was lawful in the 30s in state of California to sterilize those deemed mental defunct Much of this sort of thinking was propagated by the studies completed at that time For example family histories were conducted and published outlining pedigrees of defiencies The 20th century marked the cycle of scientific racism where Eurocentric psychometricians revived national conscience and debate with their sordid schemes of racial intelligence superiority Each one claimed the same message black people occupy the bottom rung of the mathematically useless intelligence quotience ladder and social programs are unable to narrow the gap This social stratification marked the end of compensatory educational programs and the beginning of racial integration Into the 1970s much focus was again put into mismeasuring intelligence The old racist them that inheritance of intelligence accounts
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