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Mrs S Chris JohnsonHistory 10-H November 14 1999 Enlightenment grew out of the scientific revolution of the 1500s and 1600s Joseph Preistly and Antoine Lavoisier built framework for modern chemistry Edward Jenner developed a vaccine against smallpox Natural Laws Laws that govern human nature Thomas Hobbes and John Locke made ideas key to the Enlightenment Thomas Hobbes put ideas into his book Leviathan He argued that people were naturally cruel greedy and selfish Thought life in a state of nature would be solitary poor nasty brutish and short Hobbes supported the Stuart kings in struggle against parliament John Locke optimistic view of nature Thought people were basically reasonable and moral Believed that all people had Natural Rights rights that belonged to all humans from birth Theses rights included right to life liberty and property Wrote Two Treatises of Government It said that people formed governments to protect their natural rights He rejected absolute monarchy Also believed that people had the right to overthrow the government 1700s France saw a flowering of enlightenment early and influential thinker was Baron de Montesquieu he studied the governments of Europe often gave sharp criticism of absolute monarchy wrote The Spirit of the Laws discussed governments throughout history and complimented Englands monarchy his ideas of separation of
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