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Utopias are generally said to be societies in which the political social and economic troubles hampering its inhabitants has been done away with Instead the state is there to serve the people and ensure the peacefulness and happiness of everyone The word utopia which means no place in Greek was first used to mean a perfect society in 1516 in the publication of Saint Thomas Mores story Utopia The story depicted life as it was with its people and social institutions on an imaginary island Mores Utopia gained critical acclaim and a wide audience The term was subsequently used by all prominent social thinkers and visionaries to define other concepts of this kind During the 19th century many attempts were made to actually establish communities which followed the beliefs of a utopian society Most were experiments in utopian socialism Although they differed considerably in their specific views most of them agreed that ideal societies could be created without much difficulty They felt all that was needed was to have the formation of a few small cooperative communities made up of their followers The comte de Saint-Simon regarded technological progress and large scale economic organization as being the most important keys to the establishment of these communities It was felt that industrial growth was the key to happiness for people in the future Another visionary Fourier was quite the opposite of Saint-Simon He Spoke strongly against the use of industry His opinion was that agricultural communities would be better suited for this situation He favored these communities as he saw them as small self-sufficient and more importantly free from the restraints that were being imposed by civilization Experimental societies based on the theories of the utopians were also set up in Europe and the Unites States They included Robert Owens cooperative communities in New Harmony lnd and New Lanark Scotland Most of these did not survive long One of the longer lasting of these communities was
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