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The dialogue Crito by Plato recounts the last days of Socrates immediately before hisexecution was going to take place in Athens In the dialogue Socrates friend Crito proposesthat Socrates escape from prison Socrates considers this proposal trying to decide if escapingwould be just and morally justified Eventually Socrates concludes that the act is consideredunjust and morally unjustified Socrates decides to accept his death penalty and executionSocrates was a man who would pursuit truth in all matters Kemerling 1999 In hisrefusal to accept exile from Athens or a commitment to silence as a penalty he takes the penaltyWhile Socrates is awaiting his execution many of his friends including Crito arrive with afoolproof plan for his escape from Athens to live in exile voluntarily Socrates calmly debateswith each friend over the moral value and justification of such an actpeople who do not know you and me will believe that I mighthave saved you if I had been willing to give money but that I did Crito believed that by helping Socrates to escape he could go on to fulfill his personalobligations Also if Socrates does not follow the plan many people would assume that hisfriends did not care about him enough to help him escape or that his friends are not willing to givetheir time or money in order to help him Therefore Crito goes on to argue that Socrates oughtAfter listening to Critos arguments Socrates dismisses them as irrelevant to a decisionNow you Crito are not going to die to-morrow--and therefore you are disinterested and not liable to be deceived by the circumstancesIn the arguments that Socrates makes what other people think does not matter The onlyopinions that should matter are the ones of the individuals that truly know The truth alonedeserves to be the basis for decisions about human action so the only proper approach is toengage in the sort of careful moral reasoning by means of which one may hope to reveal itKemerling 1999
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