scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,182
The most comprehensive statement of Platos mature philosophical views appears in The Republic an extended approach to the most fundamental principles for the conduct of human nature Using the character Socrates as a fictional spokesman Plato considers the nature and value of justice and the other virtues as they appear both in the structure of society as a whole and in the personality of an individual human being This naturally leads to discussions of human nature the achievement of knowledge the distinction between appearance and reality the components of an effective education and the foundations of moralityPlato formulates a conception of the complexity of psychological motivation and of the structure of mental conflict which leaves the simplicities ofSocratic intellectualism far behind and one whichhas reminded interpreters of Freudian theoryBecause The Republic addresses so many issues it can be read in several different manners as a treatise on political theory and practice as a pedagogical handbook or as a defence of ethical conduct The Republic as a whole invites us to share in Platos vision of our place within the ultimate structure of realityImagining likely origins in the prehistorical past Plato argued that societies are invariably formed for a particular purpose Individual human beings are not self-sufficient no one individual working alone can acquire all of the genuine necessities of life In order to resolve this difficulty we gather together into communities for the mutual achievement of our common goals This succeeds because we can work more efficiently if each of us specializes in the practice of a specific craft I make all of the shoes you grow all of the vegetables she does all of the carpentry etc Thus Plato held that separation of functions and specialization of labour are the keys to the establishment of a worthwhile society The result of this original impulse is a society composed of many individuals organized into distinct classes according to the value of their role in providing
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA