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Federal Court Rulings A Federal Appeals Court ruled two to one that reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional in public schools because of the phrase one nation under God In the article regarding the use of the phrase under God there are three main issues addressed One is the question of whether or not the phrase violates The Establishments Clause of the United States Constitution in regards to the separation of church and state Second is the question of whether or not the use of the phrase permits religious discrimination The third issue here is whether the phrase is an attempt by the state or government to impose a theological doctrine or specific religious content on an individual It was one of the most closely watched church-state cases in the Courts history a legal challenge to include the phrase under God in public school recitations of the Pledge of Allegiance A surprising number of Americans felt that the judges had a good point that the reference to God in the pledge was an inappropriate endorsement of religion Zirkel 2003 states atheists and agnostics are offended by an unnecessary reference to God in a patriotic pledge However the Supreme Court has ruled in the past that ceremonial references to God in public places and institutions do not represent an establishment of religion The Court has never blinked for example at the use of a Bible in a courtroom where one swears to tell the truth So help me God The United States government regularly acknowledges the existence of a Creator or God as an illustration of its cultural and political philosophy A motto for the United States httpwwwshgresourcescomussymbolsmotto In God We Trust was written in 1863 and is inscribed on the nations currency Additionally The Declaration of Independence adopted by the US Congress in 1776 states that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights
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