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An Analysis of the Poetry: Candide by Marie De Voltaire, Gullivers Travels by Jonathan Swift and Oroonoko by Aphra Behn
Word Count: 2,263
The eighteenth century is often called an age of reason propriety and enlightenment but it was also an age of squalor filth disease crime prostitution violence and insanity and these less attractive but perhaps more interesting elements are favorites of the eighteenth century writers Satire was an important form of expression throughout the enlightenment period Throughout this paper the writer will give examples of satire used by the writers Some of the poetry that will be exemplified are Candide written by Marie De Voltaire Gullivers Travels written by Jonathan Swift and Oroonoko written by Aphra Behn Candide on the surface is a witty galactic story However when inspected deeper it is a writing against people of an uneducated status Candid is an archetype of these idiocracies for he lacks reason and has optimism that is truly irking believing that this is the best of all possible Worlds Thus Voltaire uses a witty bantering tale on the surface but in depth a cruel bombast against the ignorance of his times Candide has reason only in the form of a companion which he relies for advice His companion is of course Dr Pangloss He consistently dribbles to Dr Pangloss about what should be done At last to the happiness of readers Pangloss is killed by being hanged But this means that Candides reason is also dead No problem he just goes and finds a new companion Lacking him Pangloss lets consult the old women He soon loses her gains another loses him and then gains another Thus we see that Candide can only think if he has a companion Voltaire is thus saying that all the nobles are really idiots and says Swanson 2 they are only smart because they have philosophers This is typically Enlightenment because nobles are stupid and must have philosophers to make them Enlightened Candide is consistently being brainwashed by reason Pangloss saying that we love in the best of
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