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Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes centeriPolitics should be the application of the science Of man to the construction of the community Explain this remark and discuss what reasons there might be for thinking it is not trueicenter In this essay I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes in particular their ideas relating to the science of man and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man The theories of Hobbes and the contemporary socio-biologists attempt to recognise how man works and on that basis build a society Hobbes wished to be seen as the inventor of the science of politics Sorrell p45 He went about this by looking at the psychology of man and discovering that man is a mechanism Hobbes wanted to understand mechanics He wanted to look at why men live the way that they do in society and therefore breaks it down By doing this he discovered that people are cogs in the social machine Therefore he wants to examine this cogs to achieve an understanding of the social mechanism and does this by looking at the psychology of the mind Hobbes is both an empirist and a materialist Empirists believe that sense gives all knowledge Generally they do not believe in astrology god electrons etc Their philosophy is summed up by saying that all things that give true knowledge can be sensed Materialists believe that all things in existence are physical matter In other words the soul and the spirit do not exist Therefore Hobbes believes that thoughts are material that they are caused by sense and vice versa Tom Sorrell suggests in his essay entitled Hobbes scheme of the sciences that rather than have knowledge of
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