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Word Count: 991
The Portuguese first colonized the island of Timor of which East Timor is part of along with West Timor in 1520 The next three centuries marked attempts by the Spanish the Dutch and the British to colonize the island These attempts were successful but Portuguese sovereignty over East Timor was finalized due to treaties signed in 1860 and 1893 Later during World War I Timor became under the control of the Japanese until the Portuguese once again regained possession However in 1975 political movements and civil war broke out causing so-called disappearances executions violence crimes against humanity and other atrocities Twenty-five years later in 1999 atrocities still exist in East Timor Portugal ruled the colony with a ruthless and brutal regime during the years before WWI Despite attempts to bring peace to the island by breaking up the local kingdoms the people did not change their lifestyles Though people attempted to rebel against Portuguese rule their attempts were crushed The Japanese took over the island in 1941 Following the takeover a small group of Allied troops with support from the natives waged guerilla warfare against the occupiers While the successes of the Allies were great over 60000 natives almost 13 of their population lost their lives easttimorcom After the War the Portuguese fascist regime ruled the island as before However in 1974 the fall of the dictatorship completely changed the mentality on the island Three main political parties emerged each having its own goals The UDT pro Portugal and the ASDT pro Independence formed a coalition and the ASDT became what is called as Fretilin The other party Adopedti pro Indonesia had little support in East Timor but was backed by the military regime of General Suharto in Indonesia Soon after the UDT withdrew from the ASDT and they staged a coup against the ASDT and Fretilin in the capital city of Dili Fretilin opposed the coup conquered the UDT forces and
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