scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,549
The AIDS virus is one of the most deadly and most wide spread diseases inthe modern era The disease was first found in 1981 as doctors around theUnited States began to report groups of young homosexual men developinga rare pneumonia caused by an organism called Penumocystis carini Thesepatients then went on to develop many other new and rare complications thathad previously been seen only in patients with severely damaged immune systemsThe Center for Disease Control in the United States named this new epidemicthe acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and defined it by a specific set ofsymptoms In 1983 researchers finally identified the virus that caused AIDSThey named the virus the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV AIDS causesthe immune system of the infected patient to become much less efficient untilit stops working altogether The first drug that was approvedby the American Food and Drug administration for use in treating the AIDSvirus is called AZT which stands for azido-thymidine AZT was released underthe brand name of Retrovir and its chemical name is Zidovudine or ZDVThe structural name of AZT is 3-azido-3- deoxythymidine AZT works byinhibiting the process of copying DNA in cells More specifically AZT inhibitsthe reverse transcriptase enzyme which is involved in the DNA replicationprocess When DNA is replicating in a cell there is a specific enzyme thatworks along one side of the original DNA strand as the DNA is split intotwo strands copying each individual nucleotide This enzyme is only ableto work in one direction along the nucleotide string therefore a differentenzyme or rather a series of different enzymes is required to work in theopposite direction Reverse transcriptase is one of the enzymes that is requiredto work in the opposite direction AZT works by bonding to the reversetranscriptase enzyme thereby making it unable to bond with the nucleotidestring and making it unable to fulfill its role This whole process is usedby the HIV virus to replicate itself so that it can continue to infect morecells
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA