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The prostate gland is an egg-sized organ that rings the male urethra The secretions of the prostate give nutrients to the semen Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in men ErnstoffHeaneyPeschel1998pviii Like all cancers prostate cancer is an uncontrolled cell production in a particular organ or area of the body In the case of prostate cancer these cells begin to split impulsively in the prostate and form tumors As these tumors begin to grow they begin to use up oxygen from other healthy cells and surrounding tissue Not only do these tumors take up oxygen from other cells they secrete protein signals that initiate the formation of new blood vessels CaP CURE2000p1 With the increasing rate of prostate cancer in males it is highly suggested that men begin to get tested for this form of cancer at the age of 30 There are two ways of diagnosing prostate cancer The most common way is a rectal exam Digital rectal examination can provide meaningful information in both the diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer ErnstoffHeaneyPeschel2p48 The exam is fairly simple A doctor places his finger in the anus and feels for the texture and size of the gland The second way that a physician can determine if a male has prostate cancer is the PSA test which measures the levels of the enzymes produced in the prostate A method that is not widely used is an ultrasound to visualize the prostate The rate in which the prostate grows can be reduced through the controlling of testosterone Yet the prostate can never be stopped from growing and at some point it will grow uncontrollable and can be deadly After a male is diagnosed with prostrate cancer it is necessary for them to have surgery to either remove the tumors on and around the prostate or remove the entire prostate Many professionals in the field suggest that
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