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Word Count: 667
For a reader to have a true understanding of Candide they must know the purpose of Voltaires writing Voltaire shows the flaws of Leibniz a German philosopher of Voltaires time idea that the world they live in is the best of all possible worlds cause it is Gods creation through the use of satire Voltaire uses Pangloss and a contrasting character Martin to point out the shortcomings in Leibniz philosophy Voltaire creates Pangloss a firm believer of Leibniz philosophy to show the fool hness in Leibniz ideas While Martin is a pessimist that constantly shows Candide that the world is vicious and evil Voltaire also uses events such as the Lisbon earthquake and war to show that things are not always for the best To make get his point clear in Candide Voltaire creates the character Dr Pangloss an unconditional follower of Leibniz philosophy Voltaire shows this early in the novella by stating He proved admirably that there is no effect without a cause and hat in this best of all possible worlds1 Pangloss goes on to say that everything has its purpose and things are made for the best For example legs were created for the purpose of wearing stockings 2 Because of his great knowledge Candide at this point a very naive and impressionable youth regards Pangloss as the greatest philosopher in the world a reverence that will soon be challenged by the harshness of reality A contrast to the views of Pangloss is the character Martin Martin a pessimist is a friend and advisor to Candide whom he pays to travel with him Martin continuously tries to prove to Candide that there is little virtue morality and happiness in he world When a cheerful couple is seen walking and singing Candide tells Martin I would venture to lay a wager that they are very happy 67 Martin challenges that they are not happy so Candide invites the couple to
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